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Undergraduate Programmes


Abbreviated Title: BEd. Primary Education

This document presents the Bachelor of Education (Primary) degree programme which has been on offer at the University of Zambia in the School of Education, Department of Primary Education since the year 1996. The B.Ed (Primary) programme was initiated at the time to cater for in-service personnel who were employed to teach at Primary College of Education and for the training of Standards Officers who lacked the required professional training and degree qualification. Later on, the same degree catered for in-service primary school teachers who similarly lacked degree qualifications. The programme was reviewed this year 2017.

Rationale for the programme and for its Review
The following lines provide justifications for reviewing the B.Ed (Primary) degree programme whose name is now the Bachelor of Education B.Ed (Primary Education):

  • It has apparently been assumed in the past that teachers in the primary sector did not require degrees to teach; that diplomas and certificates were adequate. However, it is important to realize that the primary sector is the foundation of education and as such it requires highly skilled people to not only teach but be able to conduct research and contribute to uplifting standards in this sector. There is, as such, need to open up training to school leavers to build up a cadre of skilled work force in the primary sector who will provide academic leadership.
  • The previous B.Ed Primary programme adopts a major/minor arrangement which is not appropriate for primary school teachers who are supposed to teach all the subjects in the primary curriculum.
  • There is need to align the programme to emerging policy frameworks relevant to primary education, for instance, the new Zambia Education Curriculum Framework (2013) of the Ministry of General Education, the 7th National Development Plan and others.
  • From the time the B.Ed Primary programme was introduced, society and times have changed and new demands, dynamics and situations have emerged that have to be addressed by a revised programme, such as the need for teachers to handle children with special needs hence incorporating Special Education, and the need for teachers to offer knowledge and skills in agriculture hence incorporating Agriculture Subject.
  • t is envisaged that the proposed programme will help to forge links among primary schools, colleges of education and universities in issues to do with primary education curriculum.

Aim of the Programme
The aim of the B.Ed. (Primary Education) programme is to enable pre-service and in-service students to develop positive professional attributes, knowledge and skills to be effective primary school teachers and practitioners.

Objectives of the Programme
The above aim will be achieved through the following specific objectives:

  • Introducing candidates to latest pedagogical approaches in the field of Primary Education
  • Creating fora where critiques of existing approaches in Primary Education are discussed
  • Exploring new trends and directions in Primary Education
  • Affording candidates space to familiarize themselves with existing and emerging policies, regulations and rules of the Zambian Ministry of General Education relating to Primary Education
  • Providing for hands-on experience in Primary Schools


The programme targets pre-service and in-service candidates operating, or intending to operate, in Primary Education.

Programme Learning Outcomes
At the end of the programme students should:
a. demonstrate an understanding of the latest pedagogical approaches in the field of Primary education
b. effectively plan, teach, manage classes and assess learners in the various subjects of the primary curriculum
c. show in their conduct and work  the desired attitudes and values of a primary school teacher in the Zambian education context
d. critique past and  existing approaches in primary education as discussed on the course
e. explore new trends and directions in primary education
f. be familiar with existing and emerging policies, regulations and rules of the Zambian Ministry of General Education relating to primary education
g. Establishment of harmonious linkages among primary schools, colleges of education and universities as regards curriculum.

Employment Prospects for Graduates
Graduates of this programme will serve as primary school teachers, college of education lecturers and in other related sectors.

Programme Duration
i. 2 years (3rd and 4th) for in-service students with a University of Zambia diploma
ii. 3 years for students with primary certificate from institutions recognised by the university of Zambia
iii. 4 years for pre-service students


Abbreviated Title: B.TED

This programme of study aims at improving the professional competence of the teacher educator in Zambia in order to enhance the quality of education.
Target Group:
The target group for the programme is all teacher educators in teacher training institutions, resource centre co-ordinators and standards officers in the Ministry of Education

A number of factors constitute the rationale for introducing the Bachelor of Teacher Education programme.  One of them is that there is currently no programme at the University of Zambia, or elsewhere in the country, that Trains teacher educators.  There was a diploma programme in the university in the past, but it was phased out in 1985.  Some of the teacher educators are either diploma or degree holders, but these qualifications result from following programmes designed for secondary school teaching and are, therefore, not relevant to their profession.  Consequently, teacher educators in primary colleges had had to rely on their own personal experience as former primary teachers for a source of expertise.  The programme was designed to provide that source of expertise.
The second factor relates to the intention of the Ministry of Education to raise the status of primary school teachers to diploma level, which requires that primary training colleges must upgrade their programmes similarly.  For this to materialize, there is need for the professional competence and academic status of teacher educators in these colleges to be upgraded to degree level.
The third factor is the need to ensure opportunities for continuous professional advancement for teacher educators. The Bachelor of Education (Primary) programme gives advanced training in primary school teaching, and as such it does not address the needs of teacher educators.

Finally, the reforms being carried out by the Ministry of Education require the curriculum to become competence-based and teaching approaches to become humane and leaner-centred in line with recent innovations in the field of education worldwide.  There is need for teacher educators in Zambia, therefore, to be oriented to these innovations for education in Zambia to be up to date.
The programme is to be offered mainly through distance learning.  There are two reasons for this.  First, distance learning will ensure that the candidates do not have to leave their stations and stay away for longer periods.  This will allow the candidates to carry on with their studies while at the same time continuing to perform their duties of training teachers.  Teachers training colleges will thus not suffer any shortage of staff resulting from the programme.  Second, the programme has emphasis on the advancement of professional competence as opposed to that of mere academia.  Ingrained in the programme is the concept of learning a skill by practising it.  Distance learning will allow the candidates to master newly acquired skills by practising them in the training of teachers.  This is what makes the programme deserve the tag professional training.



Abbreviated title: DSS

This document outlines basic information on policy issues relating to the Diploma in Sports Studies programme.  It sets out the rationale, the main aims, the target group, the admission criteria, and the duration.

It has been government policy to recognize the importance of Physical Education on the school curriculum and this has been done in various ways. Physical Education was early introduced in all Primary Colleges of Education, later in some Secondary Colleges of Education and the University of Zambia in the School of Education, offering certificates, diplomas and degrees respectively. All these programmes were made to train Teachers of Physical Education for Grades 1(one) to 9 (nine). The School of Education (UNZA) had run a Physical Education course which lasted for one year in 1973 to 1974 where teachers were trained in Sports coaching, administration and management. 
This Diploma is a response to the national demand on sports education development as it will assist to create a pool of qualified sports personnel, generate employment opportunities, particularly for the sports loving youths and in turn promote successful sports competitions that will bring national pride.  This diploma will not only produce many and effective sports athletes, but also competent sports coaches, managers and administrators to manage various sporting disciplines in the country.

The Diploma in Sports Studies aims at producing professionally competent sports coaches, managers and administrators.

Target Group

The programme is designed to draw candidates from among Grade 12 school leavers, serving physical education teachers, sports administrators and or sports managers in government ministries and departments, sports officers of various categories in sports associations and NGOs, and any other people who meet the admission criteria.

Admission Criteria
To be admitted to the programme, the candidate must fulfil the following criteria;

5 ‘O’ levels which must include English, Mathematics and Biology.
A diploma or certificate in Physical Education from a recognized College or University will be an added advantage.

Two Years.