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Editorial Policy for ZAJE

Editorial Policy for ZAJE




1.     Manuscripts must be typed, on one side only, in double or 1.5 spacing and with generous margins.  Two copies should be submitted (hard copy and
soft copy), and a third should be retained by the author; this accelerates the process of submission to referees.  Texts should be submitted on flash
disk in Microsoft Word or as a plain text file in any other word processing package.

2.    The presentation must be uniform throughout, i.e. a system of heading, one decided upon should be adhered to.  The numbering of paragraphs or

sections should be avoided.  In typing quotations, use single quotation marks or quotations, with double marks for quotations within one main one.
Figures less than 100 included in the text should be in words.  Spellings should follow the Oxford English Dictionary.

3.    Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, and not used for bibliographical references.  Notes will not be placed at the food of each page but will be

brought together at the end of the article.

4.    References:  In the text, references to other writings are made by giving in brackets the name of the author and the year of publication, e.g.,

(Smith, 2003, 2003:3), except where the author’s name is part of the sentence e.g., ‘Smith (1912:6-9) showed that…’.  When  work
written by two authors is quoted both names should be given, the ampersand (&) being used in place of ‘and’ e.g., Smith & Jones (1998:4).
If there are more than two authors all names should be given when cited for the first time, and thereafter the first name only, adding ‘et al’.  When
several papers are referred to in the same bracket, those by the same author should be separated by a semicolon, e.g., Smith, 19912:2; Jones
1915a:12 &1915b:30.  Unpublished material may be referred to in the text by giving the author's name followed by (unpublished) or
(personal communication).  These should also be included in the list of references.  References should be brought together at the end of the
paper in alphabetical order, each giving:

a.    Name(s), followed by initial(s), of author(s)
b.    Year of publication in brackets, when the publication of a volume is spread over more than one year, give, if possible, the publication year

of the article in question.  If several papers by the same author or group of authors in one year are cited, a, b, c, etc,. are placed after
the year of publication.
c.    Full title of book or article.  Article title should be in single quotation marks or commas for journals.
d.    Volume number in Arabic numerals without prefix ‘vol.’ and issue number in brackets.
e.    The number of the first and last pages in Arabic numerals, without prefix ‘p’.  Volume and page numbers should be replaced by the phrase
“in press” in the case of a paper accepted for publication by a journal but not yet printed.
f.    All book and journal titles should be in italics.
g.    Thus, references to articles should appear as follows:

•    Gluckkman, M. (1945). ‘African Land Tenure’.  Rhodes Livingstone Journal 5 (2): 120 – 140.
•    When reference is made to a book, the title should be italicized: the edition should be given, followed by the town of origin and the

publisher, thus:  Gluilford, J.P (1965). ‘Fundamental Statistics’. In Psychology and Education (3rd Ed,).  New York:  McGraw-Hill: 50-65.
•    If the book is edited article, authors and editors should be shown as follows: Colson, E. (1962).  ‘Trade and Wealth among the Tonga’.
In P.A Bohannam & G. Dalton (eds).  Markets in Africa. New Jersey: Princeton University Press; 180-190.

5.    Diagrams should be numbered separately and their positions indicated on the typescript.

6.    Tables should be numbered and carry an appropriate title.  The position of plates, maps and diagrams should be indicated centrally in the text and

reference to ‘above and below’  minimized.  Instead attention should be drawn to the table or diagram concerned, thus:  ‘A shown in table III…’.

7.    All foreign and non-English words should be italicized and not showed in quotation marks.  Capitals should only be used where English usage demands

it, i.e., for proper names and beginning sentences.  When a foreign word is first used, the English meaning should be explained or should follow in
brackets.  The excessive use of foreign terms or words should be avoided.